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Chemotherapy uses various types of drugs, which vary by target and mechanism of action. Based on these two criteria, chemotherapy drugs can be classified as follows: alkylating agents, antimetabolite agents, cytotoxic antibiotics, antimitotic agents and inhibitors of topoisomerases I and II. In this section, you will find their detailed descriptions.

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Tamoxifen Citrate

Type of Drug: Antiestrogen. Prescribed for: Breast cancer in women. When used together with chemotherapy after mastectomy surgery, Tamoxifen is effective in delaying the recurrence of surgically curable cancers in postmenopausal women or women…

Paclitaxel (Taxol)

Type of Drug: Antineoplastic drug. Prescribed for: Ovarian and breast cancer, after other treatments have failed. This drug is also being studied for cancers of the head and neck, lung, upper gastrointestinal tract, and prostate (that does not…


Type of Drug: Antiandrogen. Prescribed for: Advanced prostate cancer.General InformationBicalutamide is a nonsteroidal antiandrogenic hormone that inhibits the action of androgen. Prostate cancer is androgensensitive and responds…